Simply Al QURAN

Letters of the throat
حروف الحلق

There are six letters of the arabic alphabet which share the main exiting place مخرج of the throat الحلق. They are ; Hamza ء || Haa ه || Ayn ع || Haa ح || Ghayn غ || Khaw خ ||. The throat is further divided into three parts, the lowest part of the throat اقصي الحلق, the middle part of the throat وسط الحلق , and the closest part of the throat ادنى الحلق . Each of these three parts are further explained below:

Lowest Part of the Throat ~    اقصى الحلق


Hamza – Just above the collar bone, above the dip. (Check where the vibration is coming from to see if pronunciation is correct).




  • Al Fatihah: 3 (fathah)
  • An-Naazi'aat: 27 and 31 (others)

Haa – Throat should be wide.“Ha ha ha” in low voice – relaxed.  



  • Al-Fatihah: 6 - “Ihdina” (sukoon)
  • Al Baqarah: 20 (fathah)

Middle Part of the Throat ~     وسط الحلق


'Ayn – Tighten throat and put pressure on that part. Don't try and emphasise too much pronouncing it by making it too rough, otherwise it will change the nature of it e.g. make it have an echo (qalqala) and have an effect on the letter after it. Make it soft and easy. Two ways of pronouncing the 'ayn – one from front, one from back. One is sharp and one is subtle. Majority say it sharply but it should be said softly. Ref: Minshaawi – tahqeeq/mujawwad recitations.




  • Ash-Sharh: 2, 4, 5 (sukoon and fathah)

Haa – as in “Alhamdulillah”. Tightness of the throat – make the throat tight and release a bit of air. Don't go to the extreme otherwise it changes the letter. Has to be smooth.




  • Al Fatihah: 2 (fathah)
  • At-Teen: 4 (sukoon)

Closest part of Throat ~    ادنى الحلق


Kha – Mainly self-explanatory. Right at the back of the mouth, furthest point.




  • Al Baqarah: 9 (fathah and sukoon)

Ghayn – Sound produced similar to gargling. Lower than khaa. When you use a wider surface area you will get the smooth ghayn. Should be able to hold the sound for an unlimited period of time.




  • Al Fatihah: 7 (fathah and sukoon)