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سورة الفاتحة

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* For audio go on this website. Surah Faatiha is seperated into three lessons!
PART 1 -
PART 2 -
PART 3 -
* For notes :
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Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Correcting Mistakes in the Recitation of Al Fatihah


  • Take your time on the letters with shaddah.
  • Break up the words when practising them




  • Hamza before the 'ayn deserves its right. Should be pronounced clearly with a wide mouth.
  • 'Ayn – should be smooth.
  • Dhaal – Go back to the default position of the mouth (not completely relaxed but straight) after “oo” before dhaal. Say adh to practise and get used to the straight position of the mouth. For the dhamma, lips are circled.

Billahi Min Ash

  • Bi pronounced with kassrah correctly
  • “Hi Mi” should be quick.
  • Up with the tone of your voice for the llah on billah.
  • Emphasis on the laam with the shaddah - when you come to the shaddah, have to come to it with a small jump, hop onto the shaddah. La shouldn't be completely relaxed – practise “laa” - upright/straight position of lips.
  • Hi with kassrah – bring the jaw down


  • Jump to the shaa from “min a” and take time on the shaddah.
  • Shay – some emphasis on the yaa.
  • Clear TAA. TAA should be without ghunnah.
  • TAA should be separate from the noon.


  • Continous raa, hold it, heavy. Jump/hop onto the raa because of the shaddah.
  • Madd on rajeem - 2-3 (3 beautifies it)

Types of Madd


  • 2-3, 4-5 or 6-7 for Rajeem – stick to 3
  • You should stick to the same throughout your recitation.
  • Harakah = 1 movement = “a” of alif. Can become longer and shorter, by pressing or expanding your recitations, if you recite quickly it will be shorter.
  • 3,5,7 make the recitation more beautiful than 2, 4 and 6. You should make a mental estimate – you will automatically do it after a while.

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim



  • “Mill” emphasised – don't make it on the same level as “Bis”


  • Should be clear. Don't flicker many times/roll tongue too many times on the raa. Continuous raa (see above). Heavy Raa.
  • Shouldnt bring noon into maa – don't put shaddah on noon. Maa should be stretched – 2 harakat


  • Some don't meet the lips and the meem is pronounced as a noon. Meem only said when lips are in straight position.

2nd Ayah



  • People make qalqala (echo) on laam – mistake. Hold every letter with sukoon with care.
  • Pronounce “ad-du” so you can pronounce the “du” correctly. Lips should be straight before pronouncing the dhamma.
  • Lillah – Laam with shaddah (see “Bismillah” for further details).


  • Raa heavy
  • Baa has shaddah (light letter). Continous baa. Hold sukoon.


  • 'Ayn – shouldn't be long. Needs emphasis but shouldn't make it too long.
  • EE (Yaa) shouldn't be coming from nose. Block nose – if the sound changes then it means the sound is coming from the nose.


3rd Ayah



  • Hamza should be light and not be affected the heavy raa.

Ar-Rahma nir rahim (see above for further details)


4th Ayah



  • Maa should be light. Make mouth straight in alif. Use alif as template e.g. for the Yaa in Yawm.


  • Need to pronounce yaa with fathah properly. “Maliki ya” - Yaw should be light.
  • Vibration in between lips for the wow, beautifies it.
  • Bring lips back to say yawM – can't join meem with circular lips.


  • Should be a jump


  • Daal should be light – release the sound slowly.
  • Some put qalqala on end e.g. deeN. Noon should be clear but no qalqala.
5th Ayah


Iyya – yaa has to be strong – major mistake if not done.


2 opinions:

  1. Even though it has shaddah, don't go in to yaa as you would with “ayyu”, don't make it as heavy. As if two separate “yaa's”: “iy-ya”. Not a continous sound.
  2. Any letter with shaddah should be continous unless impossible e.g. “at-ta”. “Iyya” pronounced the same as “ayyu”- we follow this opinion insha'Allah.

Ka – No air coming out.


Na' – Make sure no qalqala (echo) on 'ayn. 'Ayn should be soft.


Budu – Come back with lips (make them straight) after bu and du.


Wa – Shouldn't be oppressed. Give it its right.



  • Noon has fathah – take care to make it light.
  • Seen – hold it a bit longer than a normal letter with sukoon. Helps prepare taa.
  • Taa – Make it light.
  • 'Ayn – with kassrah, more of a struggle for many. Practise separately. Doesn't need to be extreme.
  • Same madd as rajeem, raheem etc. (see above for further details).


6th Ayah



  • Kassrah shouldn't be oppressed. Bottom lip/jaw comes down naturally for kassrah. Not as clear if you don't do this. Lips should be in an upright position and not completely relaxed.
  • Haa – From the bottom of the throat. Tips to pronounce it:
     Like when you run out of breath, breath heavily in and out from the chest.

     Expand throat, don't make it completely relaxed.

     Change tone of voice – make it deep and pick it back up after the haa- no problem if it is           like this, subtle e.g. Minshaawi.

     Air should be coming out but don't take it back in.

  • Noon before the saad – Fathah on the noon is often oppressed - noon should be light.


  • Saad – make tafkheem (heaviness)
  • Raa – Mufakham (heavy)
  • Taa – Mufakham (heavy) – take care to make it heavy enough. “Sirataa” to practise.
  • Come to the laam and make sure mouth is completing the laam by opening up and letting the air pass through the sides.


  • Mu is light – start with straight lips, round with dhamma, back into straight lips for the seen.
  • Seen – Spend time on  it – prepare for taa.
  • Taa – light
  • Qeem – not too heavy
7th Ayah


Siraatal (See above)



  • Emphasise dhaal
  • The travel/jump from laam to dhaal shouldn't be in a harsh/sharp way – come to the dhaal with ease. Dhaal should be kept light. Ref: Minshaawi and Hosary.


  • Noon sakinah rule – If noon has sukoon/tanween and after it is one of the letters of the throat, you should make it apparent/clear (iTHhar-apparency)
  • Common mistake – qalqala (echo) i.e. ana 'amta
  • Hold the letter with sukoon until you're at ease with it. Sukoon comes from word sakinah (tranquility). The more you practise, the less time you will have to spend on the letter with sukoon.


  • Ta – Light.


  • The word 'ala is a preposition so you have to emphasise the laam of 'ala.
  • Him – Emphasis, according to some reciters e.g. Hosary.


  • Ghayn - Heavy
  • Put emphasis on the yaa – Hold yaa slightly, voice dips into it. Yaa is light.
  • Raa is light because it has kassrah
  • Hold the laam with patience but don't put qalqala (echo) on it.


  • Maa should be light, even though ghayn heavy
  • Ghayn should be smooth – hold “gh” sound to see if you can produce a smooth sound.
  • Du – Concentrate on the lips. Have to raise up the tongue BEFORE pronouncing the wow, and the tongue should not be raised during the wow.

'Alayhim (see above)



  • Give it its haqq (right).


  • Laam should be emphasised


  • Mutassil Madd – Connected madd (obligatory)– 6 harakaat. Laam joining onto the daad has to have emphasis because daad has shaddah. Daad has alif and what follows is a laam with a shaddah. When you come to a letter with a shaddah, you jump onto the daad from the laam e.g. Al HaaaaAqqa. KaaaaAbah. DaaaAleeeen. Jumps. Hosary is better. Minshaawi doesn't take this opinion, but the stronger opinion is to do the jump.
  • Leen – Same madd as rajeem - keep to the same length of madd as previous recitation – 3.